|Abstract||The collections of chewing lice studied by Kellogg & Paine, 1914 were damaged or lost in R. Varuna floods at Varanasi during 1944, when the Zoological Survey of India collection was housed there during the II World War. During a recent study by the first author of the type collections available in the department, the type slide of Colpocephalum thoracicum Kellogg & Paine, was found without the coverslip or specimen. This species was found by the second author to be a valid one and was' redescribed from the material available to him. Recently, material in the British Museum (Natural History), London, was also examine d by the authors and the neotype and neoparatype are now designated in this paper. Some remarks on the distribution of the species and host relationship are also provided.